Home > Famous Archaeologists > Nabodinus, Last Great King of Babylon

Nabodinus, Last Great King of Babylon

By: Grahame Johnston - Updated: 28 Aug 2019 | comments*Discuss
 
Nabonidus Babylonian Empire Babylon The

According to information in the The Dead Sea Scrolls (see our article on this site), Nabonidus was the last great king of the Babylonian Empire. Babylon was in its renewal stage, a period of Arabian history also called the neo-Babylonian Period. During this stage Babylon was modernising its culture and as a result there was an introduction of a more liberal system where rulers lost their enthusiasm for the Empire and a subsequent lack of interest in the traditional form of government.

Archaeologist verses Administrator?

Nabonidus, as King of Babylon, paid little attention to the politics, religion, or affairs of Imperial Babylon preferring instead to travel and research the older buildings, temples, and objects of antiquity that lay in the outer most parts of his Empire. For this reason he is included in archaeology’s ‘hall of fame’ because his abandonment of his royal duties were in favour of some of the first archaeological investigations.

Feasting and Drinking

According to ancient Arab sources Nabonidus was the father of Belshazzar, who stood in as temporary ruler whenever his father was away exploring and digging up the sands of Arabia. The Hebrew Tanach records that Belshazzar and other Babylonian nobles were feasting and drinking at the palace in his father’s absence, from the looted golden booty stolen from the temple in Jerusalem, when they were required to translate an unknown script, hand-written on the wall.

The Fall of Babylon

In Aramaic the script read, “mene, mene, tekel, parsin” and only the Hebrew, Daniel, was able to translate its literal meaning of “number, weigh, divided”. Daniel’s interpretation of this was, “The empire is numbered, you have been weighed, the kingdom will be divided”. This came to pass shortly thereafter when the Persians, under King Cyrus the Great, effortlessly conquered Babylon while Belshazzar was in charge.

Hearing of the impending attack, Nabonidus made haste to return to his capital only to find it in the hands of the Persians. Fortunately for Nabonidus, the Persian King was a merciful ruler and spared the lives of the nobles whom he had defeated. This characteristic won Cyrus favour with the peoples as a liberator from tyranny.

Worship of the Crescent Moon-God

Nabonidus ruled Babylon for 17 years until its fall in 539 BC. Although he was a neo-revisionist he still adhered to the time-honoured sacred rites of venerating celestial bodies as gods. Archaeologists have discovered a stone-carved relief depicting Nabonidus praying to the sun, Venus, and the moon-god, Allah.

The moon-god is depicted in artefacts as a crescent moon and later cultures included the addition of a star inside the crescent. Everywhere in the ancient world, archaeologists discover symbols of the crescent moon on steles, clay tablets, pottery items, amulets, seal impressions and cylinder seals themselves, official measuring weights, wall paintings, and jewellery. In ancient Babylon, the stele of Ur-Nammu has the moon-god crescent at the top of the list of gods as it was the most important.

Ur (ancient Babylon) has several examples of moon-god worship. More portable objects have been removed from their sites and are held by the British Museum in the Babylonian Room. Many small statues have been excavated and identified by inscriptions found on them as ‘daughters’ of the moon-god. Archaeologists working in modern Iraq have discovered and recorded thousands of inscriptions on walls and rocks indicating that Allah, the moon-god was regarded as the ruler of the gods at the time of Nabonidus’ reign. Archaeological evidence is overwhelming that the Allah of Islam is directly descended from the ancient moon-god deity represented in rock and picture by a crescent moon.

A cuneiform clay cylinder, discovered at the ancient temple of Shamash, records the efforts of King Nabonidus in reconstructing the moon-god temples in opposition to the existing gods.

The doom of King Nabonidus, his Empire, and the end of Babylon the Great was an inevitable certainty given his negligent disregard for matters of royal necessity. His personal diversion into archaeology may have felled his empire but his efforts have left no lasting scientific benefits for students of archaeology today. The fateful end of Nabonidus remains mistily unknown. Some speculate that he perished as a prisoner in the year after he lost his kingdom.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
[Add a Comment]
Additionally, the Arabic language wasn’t developed, wasn’t a written language when Mohammed was born. Arabic, as a language, developed after 600CE and is based on the Nabatean Language.The story of Ismael is a myth as is the story of Mohammed in Jerusalem. Mohammed never set foot in a Jerusalem. Why, then, does Islam dictate what history must look like? Arabic, as a language, is 1400 years old and fairly young language.
Observer - 28-Aug-19 @ 3:24 AM
Ancient history shows that Allah was a Babylonian Moon Goddess imported into Arabia by Nabonidus, last king of Babylon. Nabonidus enjoyed living in Arabia more than in Babylon. Allah, the moon goddess, and her daughters were chief dirties in Arabia before Mohammed was born. A matriarchal society, highly developed enjoying great wealth. History is being hijacked when they claim that Allah was a moon god. Islam is hijacking history, as it does since Mohammed raided the caravans, took Human hostages and sold them on the slave market. ( book of Marriage, book 008, verse 3371 shows the evidence). The sun is a god/male, the moon is the goddess/female.You ought to ask how Mohammed was able to change Allah, a goddess, into a god and warmongering rival of YHWH. It is very worrisome how Islamic stories dominate pre-Islamic, Ancient History. It is wrong.
Observer - 28-Aug-19 @ 3:02 AM
I love you so much. This site has been a great help to me and my students. I hope i could get a little more information. Thank you so much!! Bye, see ya real soon.
The Cat - 9-Sep-16 @ 5:13 PM
Ha! spoken like a true "googleexpert" allah smahla ...
hughslamanisamoron - 24-Dec-15 @ 4:22 PM
This article is a bad joke. "Allah" was never the name for the moon good Sin.
HughSlaman - 22-Dec-15 @ 10:17 PM
hi my frend I am Iranian,my livein Iran. I Have a pictur a rakarcology, buti ned a help. Canyouhelp me. pleasmaseg me . tanks
korosh - 13-Mar-13 @ 3:02 PM
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice...
Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Topics
Latest Comments
  • Tim
    Re: Pottery Experts
    I have something i need to i identified i have a picture or it where can i send the picture
    22 September 2019
  • MMY
    Re: Be a Volunteer Archaeologist
    I would loke to volunteer and join excavations in Saidi Arabia. I am a tour guide and an explorer. I can work in desert and…
    22 September 2019
  • Thicketdweller
    Re: Stone Tool Experts
    I have seen a price guide book , the books origin was the 2006 Paragould, Arkansas , 1st annual, artifacts show . This book had ancient…
    18 September 2019
  • Shiloh Noone
    Re: Pottery Experts
    Hi recently found an old clay-pot in the Sahara, wetness dissipates by the count of five and the ochre paint cannot come off with acetone that is…
    16 September 2019
  • Chiu
    Re: Academic Qualifications to Be An Archaeologist
    Sir /madam, I had completed my BA B.ed ( English Literature ) and am working as a teacher in school but…
    13 September 2019
  • Chiu
    Re: Academic Qualifications to Be An Archaeologist
    Sir /Madam, I had completed my BA in (English Literature ) and am BA B.ed student working as a teacher in…
    13 September 2019
  • hologan
    Re: Archaeological Interpretation
    i am more awesome than you and smarter
    12 September 2019
  • Flatfish
    Re: Radio Carbon Dating
    Hello. I'm intrigued and fascinated by this procedure, I've found small twigs within the mud mortar of my 17th century cottage. Would these be…
    4 September 2019
  • Observer
    Re: Nabodinus, Last Great King of Babylon
    Additionally, the Arabic language wasn’t developed, wasn’t a written language when Mohammed was born. Arabic, as a…
    28 August 2019
  • Observer
    Re: Nabodinus, Last Great King of Babylon
    Ancient history shows that Allah was a Babylonian Moon Goddess imported into Arabia by Nabonidus, last king of…
    28 August 2019